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Vehicle Emission Scheme: A Guide To VES In Singapore

Vehicle Emission Scheme: A Guide To VES In Singapore

Did you know that buying an eco-friendly car in Singapore can help you to save more? Under the Vehicle Emission Scheme (VES), car buyers are rewarded or dissuaded with grants and surcharges depending on how clean their vehicle is. Want to know which emission band your car falls under? Read on for more on VES in Singapore!

EMISSION SCHEMES IN SINGAPORE

Currently, there are three emission schemes applicable for all vehicles in Singapore. Which emission scheme you fall under is determined by your vehicle’s date of registration.

Emission Schemes Applied to vehicles with registration dates:
Carbon Emission-Based Vehicle Scheme (CEVS) From 1 January 2013 to 30 June 2015
Revised Carbon Emission-Based Vehicle Scheme (CEVS) From 1 July 2015 to 31 December 2017
Vehicular Emissions Scheme (VES) From 1 January 2018 to 31 December 2020

Based on this, you can refer to the respective emission schemes for your vehicle below.

Carbon Emission-Based Vehicle Scheme (CEVS)

For vehicles registered between 1 January 2013 and 30 June 2015, they would be categorised under the CEVS. CEVS takes into consideration how much carbon dioxide (CO2) a vehicle emits.

Band Carbon Dioxide Emission (CO2 g/km) ARF Rebate (Subject to minimum payment of $5,000 for ARF) Surcharge
Car Taxi Car Taxi
A1 CO2 ? 95 $30,000 $45,000 N.A. N.A.
A2 95 < CO2 ? 105 $15,000 $22,500 N.A. N.A.
A3 105 < CO2 ? 120 $10,000 $15,000 N.A. N.A.
A4 120 < CO2 ? 135 $5,000 $7,500 N.A. N.A.
B 135 < CO2 ? 185 N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A.
C1 185 < CO2 ? 200 N.A. N.A. $5,000 $7,500
C2 200 < CO2 ? 215 N.A. N.A. $10,000 $15,000
C3 215 < CO2 ? 230 N.A. N.A. $15,000 $22,500
C4 230 < CO2 N.A. N.A. $30,000 $45,000

Source: LTA

Revised Carbon Emission-Based Vehicle Scheme (CEVS)

If you register an electric or plug-in hybrid vehicle, there is an emission factor of 0.4g CO2/Wh applied to its electricity energy consumption to rate its CO2 emission. This is applicable to vehicles registered from 1 July 2017 to 31 December 2020.

Vehicular Emissions Scheme (VES)

To cover more pollutants, the VES was introduced to account for Hydrocarbons (HC), Carbon Monoxide (CO), and Nitrogen Oxides (NOX), on top of CO2. VES applies to vehicles registered from 1 January 2018 onwards.

Band CO2 (g/km) HC (g/km) CO (g/km) NO(g/km) PM* (mg/km) Car Taxi
Rebate** Surcharge Rebate** Surcharge
A1 A1

?90

A1

?0.020

A1

?0.150

A1

?0.007

A1

= 0.0

$20,000 N.A. $30,000 N.A.
A2 90<

A2

?125

0.020<

A2

?0.036

0.150<

A2

?0.190

0.007<

A2

?0.013

0.0<

A2

?0.3

$10,000 N.A. $15,000 N.A.
B 125< B

?160

0.036<

B

?0.052

0.190<

B

?0.270

0.013<

B

?0.024

0.3<

B

?0.5

N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A.
C1 160< C1

?185

0.052<

C1

?0.075

0.270<

C1

?0.350

0.024<

C1

?0.030

0.5<

C1

?2.0

N.A. $10,000 N.A. $15,000
C2 C2

>185

C2

>0.075

C2

>0.350

C2

>0.030

C2

>2.0

N.A. $20,000 N.A. $30,000

*Not applicable to cars or taxis registered from 1 January 2018 to 30 June 2018.

**Subject to minimum payment of $5,000 for ARF.

Source: LTA

The first step is to look at your vehicle’s worst-performing pollutant. That will determine its band and corresponding VES rebate or surcharge. Should your vehicle be using a port-fuel injection engine AND does not have a PM value, it will be assigned the maximum VES surcharge band (C2: $20,000). It does not consider the emission of the other pollutants.

Vehicles that are under bands A1 and A2 qualify for an emission rebate. This rebate is used to pay off (part of) the vehicle’s Additional Registration Fee (ARF). On the other hand, vehicles under bands C1 and C2 need to pay an emission surcharge.

Any electric or plug-in hybrid vehicle registered between 1 July 2017 to 31 December 2020 will have an emission factor of 0.4g CO2/Wh applied to its electricity energy consumption to rate its CO2 emission instead.

(Related Story: Important Things To Know Before Scrapping Your Car)

VES CHANGES FROM 2021

VES Rebate and Surcharges 2021

Source: NEA

From 2021, increased rebates and surcharges will be put in place to encourage more car buyers to purchase cleaner vehicles.

Rebates for vehicles in Band A1 and A2 will increase by $5,000 for private vehicles, and $7,500 for taxis. As such, vehicles in Band A1 will enjoy rebates of $25,000, and those in band A2 will enjoy $15,000 rebates. The rebates will last from 1 January till 31 December 2022.

In addition, the Electric Vehicle Early Adoption Incentive (EEAI) will begin on 1 Jan 2021. Thus, you can expect to get combined cost savings of up to $45,000 when you buy a new fully electric private vehicle, and up to $57,500 for a new fully electric taxi.

As for increased surcharges, they will only be introduced on 1 July 2021. This applies to vehicles in Band C1 and C2. Surcharges will increase by $5,000 and $7,500 for private vehicles and taxis respectively.


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