Mazda started out in life precisely on January 30, 1920 as Hiroshima-based Toyo Cork Kogyo Co., Ltd, before dropping “Cork” from its name seven years later. In 1929, the Zoom-Zoom company built a prototype for a 250cc two-stroke engine and started the production of Toyo machine tools. In 1930, six prototype motorcycles were produced, with Mazda eventually building 30 more for customers. Also that year, a new factory was built on a previous salt farm where the company also established its headquarters.
Three-wheel truck production kicked off in 1931, and four years later the company started making rock drills and gauge blocks. Several three-wheel trucks followed that decade, along with a sidecar motorcycle launched in 1939. A year later, Mazda built a prototype for a small passenger car, while in 1950 a three-wheel, six-seater passenger car called “Tye-PB” was introduced with a 701cc engine. Also in 1950, a Type-CA four-wheel truck with a one-ton load capacity hit the market, while in 1954 the company redesigned all of its three-wheel trucks. In 1959, an adorable K360 tiny three-wheel pickup truck was launched with a puny 356cc engine and a load capacity of just 300 kilograms.
It wasn’t until 1960 when Mazda introduced its first proper passenger car, the R360 Coupe. The four-seater, two-door model equipped with a mighty 356cc air-cooled 16-bhp engine was offered with an automatic transmission and was an instant hit due to its affordable price tag of 300,000 yen and excellent fuel economy. This cute car has now served as inspiration for several anniversary editions of Mazda’s current models to celebrate the company’s centenary.
The 100th Anniversary lineup consists of the Mazda2, Mazda3, Mazda6, MX-5, MX-5 RF, CX-3, CX-30, MX-30, and the CX-5. All the cars share the Snow Flake White Pearl Mica paint and have an assortment of “100th Anniversary” logos along with burgundy floor carpets. These models also have a fancy key fob embossed with the aforementioned logo and are delivered inside a limited-run special box.
Mazda is already taking orders at home in Japan for the Centenary models and will sell them in Europe from this fall.